Posted in 1 Garden, 2 Home

The Evolution of a Design

One of the “rules” of Permaculture is that every design evolves.  And it should, as needs change and plants grow.

house front orig
I called my new home “the ugliest house on the block.”  Today’s sitting garden (pictured below) is where the gold truck is parked.

When I first moved into this house, I knew I didn’t want an extensive garden to take care of, because the house itself needed so much work, and I had other things I wanted to do.

What I needed for the front yard was 1) sunlight to reach the south-facing windows, 2) year-round beauty, 3) privacy, and 4) low-maintenance.

The solution was to erect a fence, and plant evergreens near the street that wouldn’t grow higher than 8 feet, so the lowest winter sun can still heat the house; use shorter plants and deciduous trees near the house, so the sun can shine over or through them in winter; and plant perennial and native flowers everywhere I could.

mesquite2Keeping things simple (I’d complicate it later), I created narrow gardens, 2- to 3-feet wide, all around the perimeter of the yard, next to the house, next to the road, and around the one enclosing side.  Done.  Simple.

Later, after the water harvesting and solar features were developed, and the kitchen-side garden terraces were built and planted – and even after I added a mesquite tree and bench to the front yard – I found the big empty space was just not inviting, even surrounded by greenery and flowers.  Besides that, the granite gravel needed weeding!

The Permaculture solution to weeds is to plant more of what you want.  So I expanded the garden space to every square inch that wasn’t needed for a walkway or for sitting.

Not that I wanted the extra work of creating or maintaining more gardens, but this felt like playwhen the time was right – and I did it little by little.  The payoff was huge!

And it actually resulted in less work!  Gardens, as living communities, tend to take less work than single plants or spare gardens.  The plants in a more complex community provide each other nutrients, shade, moisture, mulch, and more – and that’s work we don’t have to do.

Widening the gardens meant that I’d need to utilize the “keyhole

From Toby Hemenway's book,
From Toby Hemenway’s book, “Gaia’s Garden.”
one winter squash will be nestled in each lobe of this adapted
See the keyhole on the left, near the hose? The original garden is back where the roses are, on the right.

garden” design (creating short walkways into them every six linear feet or so, so that every part of the garden is within a three-foot reach.

front yard
Since this photo was taken last year, we’ve laid down cedar mulch over the gravel, giving the yard a much softer “forest-like” appearance.  Sunflowers have been positively amending the soil (thanks!), but also rather dominating the space, creating a much wilder picture! And the central mesquite (rather obscured in this photo by the elderberry behind it) is bigger this year too – one day providing more serious summer shade.

And here’s the garden today, so lush, I begin nearly every day, summer and winter, sitting here, feeling oh so blessed!

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Posted in 1 Garden, 2 Home, 3 Chickens, 4 Patio

Free Workshop: Introduction to Permaculture

DSC04421Introduction to Permaculture:  How to Plan to Have it All:  environmental responsibility, free energy and water, food, medicine, comfort, ergonomics, social space, privacy, beauty, and more – a one-hour presentation of beautiful photographs and diagrams to inspire you to PLAN get the very most from your yard.

Tues/Thursday, August 19 & 21, noon – 1 pm, at the old Yada Yada Yarn building on 8th and Bullard, hosted by the Silver City Food Coop, Silver City, NM.  Presented by Jean Eisenhower of Home and Garden Inspiration, a certified Permaculture designer since 1989.

Free and open to the public.  No reservation, just arrive!

Posted in 1 Garden

Garden Inspiration Finally Flowing ~~~~

I was not feeling too guilty for doing so very little in the garden at the earliest sign of spring.  (I’ve spent way too many decades being dutiful!)

Instead I try to trust, as much as possible, that my intuition will find the perfect balance between giving my body the rest it needs and giving this home and garden what it needs.

And, sure enough, we waited, and waited some more (not counting the fun of creating the fountain* last month), and suddenly last Sunday, after a lazy morning, a single project seemed appealing, then the next, and the next!

By the time the day was over, we’d accomplished a dozen things on NO to-do list – but better than that, the projects were far more creatively approached than if they had been something we had to do!  Know what I mean?  

Inspiration is worth waiting for!  

Tomato start is surrounded by four garlic cloves, with parsley behind and basil in the stone terrace just below. Dead plant cuttings (to the right) keep the cat out.

Greg had played music the weekend before at the Farmers Market and had been tipped a young tomato start, which we’d planted alongside a cut celery bunch.

And that was about it for our entire spring planting  – except for those few lettuce and herb seeds months earlier.

Browsing through Carrots Love Tomatoes** (a great book by Louise Riotte!), I remembered that I should surround my tomato with parsley, basil, and garlic, each for different reason, and suddenly we had the boxes of seeds out again, and lots of things seemed exciting to get in the ground!

I really love basil – not only for its culinary specialness – but because it is a very healthy food.  I call it “good medicine.”  In Louise’s book, I read that it also keeps flies away.  Last summer, with our chicken coop a new responsibility, I’ll admit there were a few times that we accidentally let flies become a small problem.  (But don’t tell anyone!)  

And I realized that basil would then provide at least five purposes:  food, medicine, fly deterrent, beauty, and flowers for the bees.

So I determined that I would plant basil in a half-dozen pots (besides in the bed near the first tomato), so that I could grow them in the sun and then move them into the shaded sitting area if we ever had that fly problem again when friends were visiting.  Neat, huh!

This old chair makes a perfect stand for basil (in the big pot) surrounded by small pots of miniature wildflower mix.  Beneath it is room for a pot of something that needs shade, and in front, there's room for another pot of basil!
This old chair makes a perfect stand for basil (in the big pot) surrounded by small pots of miniature wildflower mix. Beneath it is room for a pot of something that needs shade, and in front, there’s room for another pot of basil!

Right next to the sofa, mostly in the shade, was an old wicker chair, in the sun, that might be thrown away (or burned or used as garden stakes), but I’m not ready to do any of those things yet – so I used the chair seat to create planting space for the first pot of basil.

Then I realized there was room for four smaller pots around it.  Greg was rummaging through the flower seeds, and we agreed a mix of “miniature wildflowers” would be beautiful in front of the basil and next to our seating (where we spend a great deal of time in the summer).

Since the futon sofa is wide, there was room for yet another pot of basil in front of the chair.

AND I realize that the space beneath, because it’s shady might work for some shade-loving plant.  Ginger?  I don’t know.  I’ll look it up and report later.  Let me know if you’ve tried ginger, or if you have another good idea for such a shady little microclimate.  (Small lots need to use all the space creatively.)

And now that I’ve put up this photo with the sorry-looking chair, I think I’ll use some old cane matting standing up in back to obscure those broken pieces.  And maybe I’ll tie more cane mats around the black pots to help them keep cool.

(I saved lengths of cane mat over a decade ago, and have continued to use and reuse it all these years.)

Can’t wait to post this shot when the back and pots are made pretty and the plants are up!*

We did lots more, but I hope this is enough to inspire you for now.

Have fun!

Make art you can live inside!

* If you missed the multi-purpose fountain, please check it out here, or see the video here!  And we’ve realized a fifth use for it:  When the breeze blows, the water bowl  creates a natural water-cooling effect for the chickens in the shade under their house!

** The link to the Carrots Love Tomatoes book should take you to a page at AddAll.com – a very important alternative to Amazon, if you care about have a diversity of booksellers in the world.  AddAll lets you compare used book prices from large and small booksellers, from Amazon to little stores, everywhere, and links to their pages!  Please spread the word about this important site!

 

Posted in 1 Garden

Designing an Ecosystem

[This blog was previously published in Desert Exposure, the award-winning local arts and entertainment monthly magazine in Silver City, New Mexico.  My article covers designing for beauty, privacy, quiet, functionality, ergonomics, economics, passive solar design, environmental responsibility, and more!)

Author Jean Eisenhower with friend Darlene Dabroslavic, partner Greg Renfro, and cat Peaches.
Author Jean Eisenhower with friend Darlene Dabroslavic, partner Greg Renfro, and cat Peaches.

Wonderful to be out in the garden again!  Sitting.

Yes, sitting.  I haven’t felt like working much yet this year.  Maybe I’m recovering from doing so very much last summer.

I often ask myself why this space nurtures me so well.  It’s not just one or a couple of things.  We’re connected to a vast Universe, all of it impacting us in different ways, as we impact our yards and gardens in different ways, all of it requiring consideration.

terracesMy neighbors have seen my yard slowly transform over the past eight years, from the solid granite hill cut with elm trees and four other major living plants, to an elm-cleared weedy lot with barren structures of fence posts, swales, and materials piles, to a cedar-fenced enclosure with a half-dozen young trees peeking above (and lots more unseen inside) with experimental plantings on the outside. It’s been a slow go.

It’s a complex process to create something not just aesthetic, but ecologically-responsible, functional, productive, socially nurturing, self-nurturing, ergonomic, and economic!  It’s not something to knock out on paper in an afternoon and then hire the workers to complete next week.

Our yards are ecosystems we’re creating of uncountable living beings, all interacting.  The design task challenges our creativity and our consciousness.  The result is a harmonious gathering of living beings to share our space on quiet mornings, nurturing, inspiring, and healing.

If I could wish anything for everyone on this planet, it would be a garden that nurtures them, body, mind, and soul.

Since we each have different needs, abilities, and constraints, each of us need a unique design.  Here are some basic considerations:

Privacy and Quiet

Modern life subjects us to a lot of stimuli and has taken most of us away from the natural, living world to some degree, so it’s important for us to create at least a small natural space where we can be free of overstimulation, including social stimuli.  Fences or hedges seem essential to most people who want to spend time outdoors.

Beauty

penstemon

The most beautiful items, I assert, are found in nature:  stones, trees, flowers, and all plants.  A yard needs nothing more to create beauty.

If we need to introduce manufactured items, for instance to build a fence, the more natural the better.

Garden hoses, plastic tubs, trashcans can all be stored in a single location, maybe shielded, leaving all the rest of yard for feasting the eyes on natural colors, lines, textures, and shapes.  When we must have a manufactured item in those areas, for instance, chairs, the colors and textures should be harmonious.

DSC03486Lines in the yard needn’t be rectilinear.  Paths and fences can meander, and patios should be shaped organically to suit their function.  Rectangles have their place in modern efficiency, but we’re not packing patios into the back yard!  Often, we just have one, and it should be shaped to support the life on it and surrounding it.  What will be on and around it?  Hold that thought.

Columbines thrive next to (and hide) the plastic water container we keep full for birds - and hopefully for a little aquaculture one day!
Columbines thrive next to (and hide) the plastic water container we keep full for birds – and hopefully for a little aquaculture one day!

Color!  Who doesn’t thrill at the first spring flowers?  Flowers bring us such wonderful lessons in harmony and aesthetics in every iris, columbine, rose, garden sage spike, evening primrose, twining morning glory, and even my beloved, modest globe mallow (she’s a healer, you know).  And prickle poppies, thistles (please don’t mow them down, City!), elderberry, desert willow, fairy duster, and all the others unnamed.  And these are just the flowers that grow with almost no effort!  

Please don’t be too practical (like I used to be) and think that all the soil needs to be in vegetable production!  Allow the flowers, and then learn what they’re good for.  Dandelion, for instance, is excellent medicine.  Flowers, if we understand them and use their medicine appropriately, might even save us thousands of dollars in health care!

I remember little from my grade school and high school art education, but I found it easy to apply what I learned about harmony, balance, dominance and emphasis, similarity and contrast, etc. in my yard, and it was pure fun to create garden beds with meandering edges, and to use brick dividers (meandering also) in the patio, pointing to “featured elements” of apricot and almond trees.  (A refresher in art basics is as close as the public library!)

Functionality, ergonomics

DSC04421
This formerly-rectangular yard was made both more attractive and more functional by expanding the edge gardens toward the center, leaving just enough room for walkways and seating.

Don’t start those lines meandering until you’ve considered as many functions of your yard as you can possibly imagine.  Where do you need to walk the most often, less often, or once a year?  What do you need to store?  Try to think of everything, and then add more space for the unexpected.

What are your physical needs?  Those of your family and friends?  Consider the future and decide where you might want to plan paths, now or later, wide enough for a wheelchair.

Do you want to change the location of anything?  Is your hose bib in the sun in winter?  Is your compost near the back door, but not too near?  Are your gardens convenient to the kitchen, especially beds of things you use often, like herbs, or need to check regularly, like those zucchini?

Do you have furniture that lets you enjoy the yard fully?  Do you need a place for people or animals to play?  Do you like the idea of a social space for friends to gather?  If so, what’s needed for that?  Would an outdoor fireplace extend your enjoyment of your yard?

Do you have a work table outside, to clean all that harvested food or those flowers before bringing them inside?

DSC04401
Soon we’ll plumb this enameled-metal sink – with solar-heated water – for lots of planting and clean-up convenience! Underneath there’s lots of good storage.

Is anything too low or too high for comfort?  Can you change that?

Straight rows of vegetables have a few advantages, easily accepting rectangular shading and rectangular cold frame boxes.  But there are advantages in a circle too!  A 6-foot-diameter round garden with a “keyhole” entry to the center allows the gardener to access it all from one spot, and – best – let’s the gardener twist and turn ergonomically, healthily, while tending the plants!

One winter squash plant will be nestled in the center of each lobe of this adapted “keyhole” garden – under the sunflowers adding their nitrogen. (The keyhole is the entryway to the center.)

Economics

winter solstice
Windows in full sun on the Winter Solstice!
summer solstice
Windows in full shade on the Summer Solstice!

A well-designed yard with appropriate passive solar design can save hundreds of dollars each year in energy and water bills, and can provide as much in food and herbal medicines.  If you compost and recycle, you’ll help the whole community with landfill costs and be able to amend your soil for free.

A good design can also add living space, and that and the beauty will enhance the value of your home.

And maybe your yard or garden can help you earn an income.

If you ever get more food than you can eat or easily process, consider a simple food dryer.  It’s a huge money-saver and time-saver over canning.

These home-made food drying trays are made of hardware cloth, lined with plastic window screen and shielded from insects with the same, sitting on reflective corrugated metal - easy to construct and easy to break down and store.
These home-made food drying trays are made of hardware cloth, lined with plastic window screen and shielded from insects with the same, sitting on reflective corrugated metal – easy to construct and easy to break down and store.

Ditto drying your clothes on a line outside.  Do you have a good place in the sun for the line?  Consider those that roll-up against the side of the house.

Solar ovens also save money, and we users insist the food tastes better!

Stuffed bell peppers cooking with the sun - a summer favorite!
Stuffed bell peppers cooking with the sun – a summer favorite!

Also consider an outdoor shower or tub, to cool off when working outside and then to recycle the water into the garden – another savings!

Refreshing, convenient, and the bathwater doubles as plant water!
Refreshing, convenient, and the bathwater doubles as plant water!

Ecology

No need for plastic patio mist machines when you have good passive solar design.  That means planning to get solar radiation in the winter to your home and patio – and gardens, compost, chickens, dog house, hose bibs, etc, while protecting many of those elements from the sun in summer.  Since the winter sun cuts a low arc across the southern sky and the summer sun rises and sets northerly and crosses the sky higher overhead, we can plan to get solar gain to specific elements in winter and shade some of them from the east, west, and overhead in summer.

It’s a great puzzle!  Not only 3-D, but changing though time – the fourth dimension – the seasons and years, as trees and other shade-producing plants grow and deciduous ones lose and regain their leaves every year!  Yes, a puzzle-worker’s delight – in 4-D!

ALL the roof water descends on this one corner.  Whatever overflows the tank is directed alongside the swale ("low place") around the patio alongside the fruit trees!
ALL the roof water descends on this one corner. Whatever overflows the tank is directed alongside the swale (“low place”) around the patio alongside the fruit trees!

Then there’s water.  We’ve recently joined billions of people all over the planet who need to fight to protect their water source.  And with the weather becoming increasingly erratic, the water concern is even greater.  So, to be responsible for our water use, we must heavily mulch our gardens, plant appropriate desert-adapted species, and use as efficiently as possible the rainwater that falls on our property.  Since the average American roof can harvest 1,000 gallons in a good rainfall, it makes sense to either save it in tanks or direct it to collect in gentle swales, shallow depressions.  These are most attractive when they are shallow, perhaps just a few inches deep, and especially when they meander across your property, maybe alongside your pathways, providing a place for herbs, flowers, and trees.  There’s no sense in letting the water flood the street – or flood your yard and paths.  Design!

Plastic offends my sensibilities, though obviously modern life demands that we accept it. Still, I see no need to have any more of it in my private garden than is necessary.  So I pay more for products that will one day go back to the Earth easily and naturally, and I discover there’s an awful lot of stuff that just isn’t necessary.  Plastic garden hoses I don’t know how to get around.  Our water harvesting tank, recycled from a natural food container, was ugly to me, so we plastered over it to blend in with the granite hillside.

We buy nothing toxic at the nursery, except for one thing to eradicate the elm trees – an invasive species that will kill off all competitors.  If anyone knows of a natural option, please let me know, and I’ll spread the word far and wide.

Honeybees all over the planet are in decline.  By planting gardens and tending them organically, we can do a small part to sustain the bees.  And bee-keeping is becoming a popular avocation, enhancing one’s garden productivity, providing free honey (with local pollen, homeopathic allergy help) and high-value wax, as well as helping the planet with her bees.   (I’m planning one for our roof.)

To the right of our front door, "Johnny Jump-ups" (little blue and white violas) were recently seeded beneath the straw mulch.  To the right is a pottery bowl always kept full of water for small wildlife.  Near the stones and crystals is a young wisteria that'll one day cascade its blooms in an arch over the doorway!
To the right of our front door, “Johnny Jump-ups” (little blue and white violas) were recently seeded beneath the straw mulch. To the right is a pottery bowl always kept full of water for small wildlife. Near the stones and crystals is a young wisteria that’ll one day cascade its blooms in an arch over the doorway!

All wildlife is stressed these days, but our yards can provide some habitat by including native species.  It’s best to avoid bird-feeders (using seed from mono-culture crops elsewhere that destroyed native habitat, and requiring long-distance transportation and plastic bags), but the old birdseed can be allowed the sprout where it has fallen, then the stalks can be gathered and set out for the birds, to fall and sprout again.  But the local, native food, of course, is best.

Lizards love stones for their homes and can be counted on to provide a degree of free insect control, so be sure to use piles of stones in your yard.  And bat houses (designs online) can do even more.

If you have deer in your neighborhood, please don’t feed them.  They quit eating what’s healthiest for them, then bother your neighbors, and eventually get moved and/or killed by Game and Fish.

Respect for the Earth and others

The more I work this puzzle, try to put together my own little, healthy living ecosystem on this barren granite hill cut (a desert in a desert, coming to new life), the more impressed I am by the fragility and resiliency of life.  I think now before I put a blade into the soil.  The micro-organisms, fungi, worms, and other lifeforms don’t like the light and dry air and will quickly die.  Do I need to do what I’m doing?  If so, perhaps I can mitigate my activities.

As gardener, I have the life of every living thing in this garden in my hands.  I’m like God to these beings – or Goddess.  Am I conscious of this responsibility?  Not always, I’m sorry to say, but I’m becoming more so.

Finally, I’ll admit that I’ve been blessed to experience the Mysterious in the garden – Intelligences that have been given many names throughout time:  elementals, devas, faeries, gnomes, sprites, undines, etc.  Whatever their names, they’ve been described by philosophers of different eras, Paracelsus and Rudolph Steiner, in particular, and many other mystics throughout time.  These intelligences are credited with the health of all living things on the planet.  We might forego those other names and just call them the life force.  In any case, the life force is intelligent, powerful, healing, and essential – not just for our gardens, but for us.  If we respect It, it respects us and can help us.

Peaches enjoys a place in the garden I haven't yet made inaccessible this year by laying pruned tree limbs across them.
Peaches enjoys a place in the garden I haven’t yet made inaccessible to her this year by laying pruned tree limbs across them.

And so the garden blesses me whenever I take the time to sit in it.  It gives me beauty, privacy, relaxation, healthy food (for family and chickens), herbal medicines, water I can use, sun when I want it, shade when I want it, comfort, ease, entertainment, delight, and a place for friends to gather now and then.

It also helps me be consciousness of the infinite intelligence of our cosmos.

 

Jean Eisenhower is proprietor and designer at Home and Garden Inspiration.  She loves consulting to help others design their gardens!

This article is also posted online here It’s online here – http://www.desertexposure.com/201406/prt_201406_bms_ecosystem.php – but with only one photo.